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Below is a fairly exhaustive list of questions to brainstorm when developing a new character, especially the protagonist. Obviously you don't need to know all these things about him or her to proceed with a story. However, wrestling with some of these questions might open up new avenues for inner and outer conflict to arise, or suggest interesting plot or setting elements you hadn't before considered. So choose a few from each menu or tackle them all, your choice.
If interviewing is your favorite research method, you might find it beneficial to find real people with similarities to your character and ask them a few of the questions. Even if your character is quite different personality-wise, a peer of your characters could give you helpful insights.
I suspect some of these questions might be useful for getting to know just about anyone if you're ever at a loss for conversation ideas.
Likes1. What are your longtime interests or passions?
2. What do you like to do to relax? Have fun?
3. What are your favorite foods?
4. What scents do you love most? Which ones draw up specific memories for you?
5. What textures appeal to you most? What feels nice on your skin?
6. What kinds of music appeal to you? Why?
7. What sounds do you find soothing? Irritating?
8. What shows, movies, or books do you watch and reference over and over?
9. What words of phrases do you find yourself saying all the time?
10. What was your most precious childhood possession?
11. Are you a collector? What do you collect and why?
Experiences1. What is the coolest place you’ve ever visited?
2. What is your favorite holiday memory?
3. What’s the weirdest thing you’ve ever observed?
4. What is the funniest thing you’ve ever done?
5. What’s the biggest risk you’ve ever taken?
6. What accomplishments are you most proud of?
7. What’s the worst illness or injury you’ve ever had?
8. What is the kindest thing anyone has done for you?
9. What is the most memorable gift you ever received?
10. What’s the meanest thing someone has done to you?
11. Have you ever posted, emailed, or texted something you wish you could take back?
12. What’s your most memorable moment with eavesdropping?
13. What is the weirdest secret you ever discovered?
14. What pranks, jokes, hoaxes or tricks have you ever fallen for or perpetrated?
Relationships1. Do you find it easy or hard to get to know people?
2. What do you love most about your family? Dislike most?
3. How are you like your parents? How are you different?
4. What unique traditions have been passed down in your family?
5. What qualities do you value most in a friend?
6. What makes someone attractive/dating material to you?
7. Who are your role models? Who do you admire and look up to?
8. Who do you fight with most? What do you fight about?
9. What kinds of people do you feel awkward around? Why?
10. How do you feel about people in authority?
Inner life1. What do you worry about most?
2. Do you have any phobias? What kinds of things scare you?
3. What makes you feel most at peace?
4. How do you calm yourself when you are upset or anxious?
5. What bad habit do you most wish you could give up?
6. What injustices make you most upset?
7. How do you react when you are provoked?
8. How do you relate to money and possessions? How important is wealth to you? Why? Are you carefree or worried about gains and losses?
Dreams1. What crazy adventure do you dream of taking?
2. If you could change one thing about the world, what would it be?
3. If you could magically acquire a new talent, what would you choose?
4. What would your dream home be like?
5. If you could have dinner with anyone, living or dead, who would you choose?
6. If you could go anywhere in the world, where would it be?
7. If you could time travel, what time period would you like to visit?
8. If you could have a superpower (or two), what would you choose?
9. If someone could magically cure one of your deepest fears, which would you choose?
Which of these questions strike you as most helpful? What other favorite character development questions do you use?